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 In English

Федеральный список экстремистских материалов

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Information, monitors, digests and reports in English

Intolerance and migrant-phobia problems were discussed in “Interfax”

A press conference took place in “Interfax” agency “How xenophobia growth can be stopped in Russia?” convened on the threshold of forum “For civil consent – against intolerance and extremism”. The forum is planned to be held in the Public chamber of RF on April 22.

The press conference was participated by: deputy head of department of Office of general public prosecutor of RF on supervision over observance of laws on federal security, interethnic relations and counteraction to extremism Alexey Zhafyarov; member of the Public chamber, director of Moscow bureau for human rights (MBHR) Alexander Brod; head of commission of the Public chamber on interethnic relations and liberty of conscience, TV presenter Nikolay Svanidze; member of the Public chamber, bishop, chairman of Russian joint union of Christians of evangelical faith Sergey Ryakhovsky.

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Anti-Semitism manifestations in Russian Federation in 2008


Anti-Semitism (archaic - Judeophobia) is a sort of xenophobia, ideology of hostile attitude towards the Jews as an ethnic or religious group manifested in persecution, humiliation, violence, forcing of hostility and enmity, discrimination and infliction of damage on the person, social group or part of population basing upon the indication of belonging to the Jewish nation or due to Jewish ethnic origins and/or religious affiliation with Judaism. At present, the term means hostility towards the Jews and/or Hebrews but not all the nations of Semitic linguistic group.

Anti-Semitism is still the constituent part of Russian radical nationalism. At the same time, one can speak about practically complete absence of the official anti-Semitism – this has become possible due to radical changes in social-political and economic life of Russia during recent 20 years as well as due to principal position of high-ranking officials.

As for undisguised anti-Semitism manifestations, their number is approximately on the same level during recent years: 7-10 attacks on the Jews, 8-10 attacks on the premises occupied by the Jewish organizations (2006 was an exception: attack of A. Koptsev on the synagogue at Bolshaya Bronnaya played its role and became an example for imitation). Relatively low number of attacks is caused both by some complexity of identification of the Jews in comparison with other ethnic minorities and by punishments for such attacks being strict enough. At the same time, growth of anti-Semitic graffiti and desecrations of Jewish cemeteries and monuments to the Holocaust victims are the evidence of impressing scale of anti-Semitism dissemination (38 cases in 2008).

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Video-bridge Moscow – New York
“Public diplomacy and “restarting”

On March 30, 2009 the video-bridge Moscow – New York took place in RIA News on the MBHR initiative on the subject: “Public diplomacy and “restarting”. From Moscow the following took part in the dialogue: member of the RF Public chamber, director of Moscow bureau for human rights A. Brod; member of the RF Public chamber, bishop, chairman of Russian united association of Christians of evangelical faith S. Ryakhovsky; leader of All-Russian public organization “Peoples’ control” I. Desyatnikov; executive director of MBHR N. Rykova. The following attended in New York studio: director of RINA center, Doctor of sociology S. Kliger; editor of weekly “Forum” M. Nemirovsky; publicist, writer, editor of newspaper “In the New World” D. Gai; representative of International union of Russian compatriots in USA Olga Zatsepina.

The TV bridge was devoted first of all to the forthcoming meeting of the presidents of Russia and USA in London, and the problem of necessity of “restarting” in relations between the countries as well as the role that can be played by non-governmental organizations in this process were the principal subject of discussion.

The participants expressed their unanimous opinion that Russian-American relations need serious reforming. Today’s level of relations contradicts their national interests and restrains the possibilities for each of them. But to gain this, it’s necessary to estimate the state of matters clearly and propose complex solutions for improvement of relations between the countries.

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Position of migrants under conditions of the crisis

Public hearings on the subject “Position of migrants under conditions of the crisis” took place in the Business center “Alexander-House” on the initiative of Commissions of the Public chamber on public supervision over law-enforcement bodies’ activity and refoming of judicial-legal system and on interethnic relations and freedom of conscience. The meeting participants discussed the problems concerning legal protection of migrants and the problems connected with deterioration of criminogenic situation in the country during the crisis.

The meeting was participated by: director of Federal migratory service K. Romodanovsky, members of the Public chamber A. Kucherena, N. Svanidze, A. Gerber, A. Brod, M. Kannabikh, S. Ryakhovsky, N. Golik, chairman of the committee on security of the State Duma V. Vasilyiev, head of department of labour and population employment of Moscow O. Neterebsky, leaders of rights defending organizations and leading experts.

It is noted in the expert resolution of Moscow bureau for human rights on this subject that public discussions concerning prospects of immigration and migratory policy reflect fierce collision of various views concerning the future of Russia.

Adherents of immigrants’ attraction proceed from long-term economic, demographic and political interests of Russia. Their argumentation comes to the statement that immigration may become the most important element of contanining natural population loss of Russian Federation (the population of Russia decreases annually by 0,4 mln people) and significant source of compensating the loss of able-bodied population of Russia, maintanining the potential of economic development, preserving the stability in various regions and providing national security. Their vision of the future of Russia is expressly “extra-ethical”: the accent is made upon necessity of integration of millions migrants and turning them into loyal citizens.

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The anti-Semitism problem was discussed in Austria

On March 17, 2009 a round table “Combating anti-Semitism. OSCE countries: today’s tendencies and challenges” took place in Vienna (Austria). The round table assembled about 30 participants from many countries of Europe and from USA including several Russian rights defenders. Moscow bureau for human rights was represented by its executive director Natalya Rykova.

During the working section “Recent anti-Semitism manifestations in OSCE countries” three subjects were discussed: “Violent actions against the individual and the property”, “Anti-Semitism in public discourse”, “General tendencies and models”. During the section “Response of state institutions” the measures were discussed taken by governmental organizations and judicial-executive bodies in response to recent anti-Semitism manifestations as well as possible ways of increasing the efficiency of these measures.

A separate section was devoted to development of recommendations for combating anti-Semitism manifestations.

During the round table a special presentation was conducted: “Work of Commission on international cooperation “Holocaust: education, remembrance and research” (ITF) and its role in combating anti-Semitism”.

The meetings’ participants discussed the current situation in Europe, stated the growth of anti-Semitism manifestations occurring everywhere, with anxiety, and supposed some concrete recommendations for overcoming dangerous tendencies.

In her report the exective director of MBHR N. Rykova touched upon both all-European tendencies of anti-Semitism increase and specificity of Russian anti-Semitism, within general aggravation of interethnic relations in Russia.

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On racist moods in Russia

The day of March 21 was declared an International day for the elimination of racial discrimination by the UN General Assembly. On this day in 1960 70 participants of demonstration against apartheid were killed in Sharpeville, South Africa. Every year during the European week of actions against racism thousands people participate in various actions and actively support the ideas of tolerance, equality of rights and diversity of Europe.

At present the racist views are quite wide-spread in Russia. According to VTsIOM interrogation conducted on December 2-3, 2006, 15% of respondents support the view that Russia should be a state of Russian people; 36% of the interrogated think that while Russia is even a multi-ethnic country, the Russians must have more rights anyway being the majority in it (since 2003 the share of such responses increased by 3%); 35% of the interrogated support the slogan "Russia for the Russians" to some extent (12% of them think this idea "had to be implemented long ago").

According to the data of interrogation by the Fund "Public opinion" (FOM) conducted since June 30 till July 1, 2007, just 37% of the interrogated stated that residence of people of many nationalities in Russia brought more profit than harm to the country.

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Aggressive xenophobia manifestations during January – mid-March 2009


During the period since January till March 15, 2009 57 attacks based upon xenophobia were totally committed and 17 dead and 59 wounded were their result. The attacks were recorded in Moscow and Moscow region (14 dead, 40 wounded) as well as in St. Petersburg and Leningrad region (1 dead, 6 wounded), Ulyanovsk, Ryazan (1 dead each), Kabardino-Balkaria (4 wounded), Nizhniy Novgorod (4 wounded), Kaliningrad (2 wounded), Tambov, Syktyvkar, Yekaterinburg, Volgograd (1 wounded each). The persons of the following nationalities were mostly attacked: Uzbeks (6 dead, 2 wounded) as well as Kirghizes (3 dead, 9 wounded), Vietnamese (2 dead), natives of Africa (1 dead, 14 wounded), Azerbaijanis, Chinese (1 dead and 2 wounded each), Armenians (1 dead and 1 wounded), Chechens (1 dead), Russians (4 wounded), Daghestanis (4 wounded), Tajiks (2 wounded), Kalmyks, Bangladeshis, Buryats, Kurds, Jews (1 wounded each).

During first two weeks of March 6 attacks based upon xenophobia were recorded and 1 person died and 3 were wounded as a result of them. The attacks took place in Moscow region (1 dead), St. Petersburg, Nizhniy Novgorod, Volgograd (1 wounded each). 1 Azerbaijani perished, and natives of Africa, Daghestanis and Jews had 1 wounded each.

On March 2 a student from Egypt was beaten in Nizhniy Novgorod.

On March 4 a corpse of a citizen of Azerbaijan born in 1991 was discovered in Kolomna.

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Attention: Daghestan!

On March 9-11 a group of members of the Public chamber of RF including chairman of the Commission on inter-ethnic relations and freedom of speech Nikolay Svanidze, director of Moscow bureau for human rights Alexander Brod, president of Fund “Holocaust” Alla Gerber, Archbishop of Stavropol and Vladikavkaz Pheophan made a working visit to Daghestan. The trip was also participated by the head of Moscow Helsinki group Lyudmila Alexeyeva and executive director of MBHR Natalya Rykova. The visit objective was to get to know the state of human rights in the republic in various spheres. The meetings were held with the president of Daghestan M. Aliyev, representatives of Ministry of home affairs (MVD), FSB, republican office of public prosecutor, and with local NGOs and mass media.

The republic occupies one of the first places by unemployment among all the Russian regions. Thus, in 2008 there were about 55 thousand of the registered unemployed in Daghestan, and considering quite a small number of the republican population this exceeds the average unemployment level in Russia more than two times. According to Rosstat data, in September-October 2008 money income of average Daghestan resident was 7980 rubles as compared to 16000 rubles in Russia on average. In 2007 the average monthly nominal charged salary was 5696,4 rubles in Daghestan.

Such a hardest economic situation couldn’t but cause aggravation of social and ethnic contradictions in the republic as well as growth of criminality and popularity of extremist slogans among the youth. According to the data of republican MVD, absolute majority of persons committing crimes has no permanent income. In 2007 Daghestan was among first ten regions by percentage of such crimes (73,2%), and in 2008 the level of such crimes grew a little (74,8%).

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Books of hatred are displayed again at the exhibition-fair

On March the 12th National book exhibition-fair "Books of Russia" was opened at All-Russian Exhibition Center. According to press release of organizers, more than 800 participants from 85 regions of Russia were announced at the exhibition, to say nothing about the guests from close and remote abroad. This is a most remarkable event: under conditions of the global economic crisis, the publishing activity should seemingly lose its positions. The crisis certainly affected this activity but surprisingly to much smaller extent than the others. Moreover, this year approximately by 12% of books more were published than during recent year, and this cannot but please. This means the readers' potential is still strong in Russia and the cultural needs of the people are still high despite all the financial-economic difficulties.

But there is a fly in the ointment again. The experience of previous exhibition taught the organizers nothing, and this is most regretful. This year, like two-three years ago, the books of the meanest xenophobe manner are displayed and sold at the exhibition again. They call upon people to violence and provoke inter-ethnic dissension. Names of the authors of these works already became common during nationalist marches, in materials of the public prosecutor's inspections and in critical statements of rights defenders. These are B. Mironov, O. Platonov, Yu. Mukhin, Yu. Petukhov etc. According to the court decision, the books by Yu. Petukhov were included into the Federal list of extremist materials. Rossvyazcomnadzor brought a suit to Zamoskvoretsky district court of Moscow concerning stoppage of activity of a mass media - newspaper "Duel" (editor - Yu. Mukhin) for publication of materials calling to extremist activity. As a result, official written warnings were issued to the editorial board of newspaper "Duel". The proceedings on accusation of Yu. Mukhin under clause 280 part 2 of the CC of RF (envisaging up to 5 years of imprisonment) are held in Savyolovsly court of Moscow for publication of an article "Death to Russia!".

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On the problems of the journalists' safety in today's world

Moscow bureau for human rights held a round table "Problems of the journalists' safety in today's world" in the Central House of journalist, with participation of representatives of the Ministry of justice of USA and the embassy of USA in Moscow.

The round table meeting was participated by members of the RF Public chamber, employees of the embassy of USA and the Ministry of justice of USA, representatives of the expert community, non-governmental organizations and journalists.

During the round table the presentation of book by Alix Lambert "The silencing" took place. Alix Lambert is a famous American film director, painter and journalist whose works were nominated for prestigious international awards several times. In particular the full-length documentary film by Alix Lambert "Mark of Cain" telling about the life of prisoners in Russia was nominated for the most prestigious award in the field of independent cinema - Independent Spirit Award.

Bilingual edition of the book "The silencing" by Lambert tells about murders of six journalists in Russia, and interviews with their relatives and friends are presented in it.

The ambassador of USA in RF John Bayerly told about several cases of murderous assaults and killings of journalists in USA, in particular about attempted murder of a famous American radio journalist Curtis Sliwa. The New York office of public prosecutor conducted the investigation of this case for 12 years.

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Aggressive xenophobia manifestations in January-February 2009

Attacks and collisions

During January-February 2009 46 attacks were totally committed based upon xenophobia, and 16 dead and 49 wounded were their result. The attacks were recorded in Moscow (13 dead, 40 wounded) as well as in St. Petersburg and Leningrad region (1 dead, 4 wounded), Ulyanovsk (1 dead), Ryazan (1 dead), Kabardino-Balkaria, Nizhni Novgorod) (2 wounded each), Yekaterinburg (1 wounded). The following were the attack victims most often: Uzbeks (6 dead, 2 wounded) as well as Kirghizes (3 dead, 9 wounded), Vietnameses (2 dead), natives of Africa (1 dead, 11 wounded), Chineses (1 dead, 2 wounded), Armenians (1 dead and 1 wounded), Chechens (1 dead), Daghestanis (3 wounded), Tajiks (2 wounded), Kalmyks, Bangladeshis, Buryats, Kurds (1 wounded each). It proved to be impossible to determine the nationality of 12 of the wounded for sure.

During first two months of 2009 16 cases of vandalism at least were recorded.

During the same period 23 persons were convicted for crimes based upon xenophobia. 4 persons were sentenced to correctional work, 3 – to imprisonment in colony-settlement, 5 got suspended sentence, 3 were sentenced to imprisonment for the term from 1 to 5 years, 1 – to 6-year imprisonment, 3 – to imprisonment from 10 to 15 years, 1 – to penalty and 2 were released from liability due to exceeding of the statute of limitation. 1 persons else was acquitted completely.

During February 13 attacks and collisions based upon xenophobia were recorded, and 26 wounded were their result. Most part of attacks was recorded in Moscow (19 wounded) as well as in Kabardino-Balkaria (2 wounded), St. Petersburg, Nizhni Novgorod (1 wounded each). The following were the attack victims most often: Kirghizes (9 wounded) as well as natives of Africa (4 wounded), Russians (2 victims), Azerbaijanis, Daghestanis, Kurds (1 wounded each). It proved to be impossible to determine the nationality of eight of the wounded for sure.

On February a skinhead group arranged a slaughter in suburban electric train of Ryazan direction, between stations “Malakhovka” and “Vykhino”. One wounded native of Daghestan at least is known who was beaten and stabbed several times as well as one Kurd – skinheads beat him and tried to throw down under the electric train wheels.

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Aggressive xenophobia manifestations in RF in 2004-2008

According to the data of the Ministry of home affairs of RF, the growth of crimes based upon aggressive xenophobia was observed during 2004-2008. Thus, in 2004 139 criminal proceedings were instigated on crimes in the inter-national relations sphere, in 2005 – 152, in 2006 – 263, in 2007 – 356 criminal proceedings. On October 8, 2008 representatives of Investigatory committee of RF office of public prosecutor announced that 380 crimes of extremist orientation were recorded in Russia since beginning of the year, and 322 of them were already solved.

According to monitoring data of Moscow bureau for human rights, 69 attacks and collisions based upon xenophobia were recorded in 2004, and 25 deceased and 85 victims were their result. The greatest number of incidents took place in Moscow (7 deceased, 15 victims); it was followed by St. Petersburg (6 deceased, 15 victims), Novosibirsk (1 deceased, 19 victims), Vladivostok (3 deceased, 7 victims), Krasnodar region, Nizhni Novgorod and Samara (by 2 deceased), Pskov and Republic of Buryatia (by 1 deceased, 2 victims), Voronezh (1 deceased, 2 victims), Volgograd and Chita (by 1 deceased), Kursk (5 victims), Vladimir (4 victims at least), Izhevsk, Kostroma, Ryazan (by 2 victims), Veliky Novgorod, Irkutsk, Oryol, Surgut, Tambov (by 1 victim).

In 2005 more than 200 attacks based upon xenophobia were recorded, as well as 25 deceased and about 200 victims: St. Petersburg (3 deceased, 25 victims), Moscow (33 victims), Voronezh region (4 deceased, 18 victims), Yoshkar-Ola (15 victims), Astrakhan region (6 deceased, 8 victims), Nizhni Novgorod (3 deceased, 6 victims), Sverdlovsk region (3 deceased, 3 victims), Irkutsk region (2 deceased), Yaroslavl (1 deceased, 3 victims), Krasnodar region (1 deceased, 2 victims), Perm (1 deceased, 3 victims), Kaluga (10 victims), Rostov-on-Don (6 victims at least), Blagoveshchensk (5 victims), Kursk (4 victims), Abakan (2 victims), Lipetsk, Veliky Novgorod, Vladivostok, Togliatti, Murmansk (by 1 victim).

In 2006 about 210 attacks based upon xenophobia, 56 deceased and about 340 victims were recorded: Moscow (29 deceased, about 180 victims), St. Petersburg (5 deceased, more than 60 victims), Vladivostok, Volzhsk (by 2 deceased, 2 victims), Sunzha region, Biysk (by 2 deceased), Kalmykia (3 deceased), Nizhni Novgorod (1 deceased, 23 victims), Voronezh region, Chita region (by 1 deceased, 3 victims), Tula region, Samara (by 1 deceased, 2 victims), Saratov (1 deceased, 1 victim), Ivanteyevka, Rybinsk, Kislovodsk, Omsk (by 1 deceased), Kaliningrad (more than 10 victims), Irkutsk region (8 victims), Krasnodar region (more than 5 victims), Kostroma, Yaroslavl (by 5 victims), Krasnoyarsk (4 victims), Cheboksary, Ufa, Yekaterinburg (by 3 victims), Kaluga, Kazan (by 2 victims), Oryol, Ivanovo, Petrozavodsk, Rostov-on-Don, Ryazan, Khabarovsk, Ussuriysk, Chelyabinsk and Surgut (by 1 victim).

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“Because silence is gold?”

(Statement of Moscow bureau for human rights concerning bringing accusation against DPNI leader A. Belov)

(Statement of Moscow bureau for human rights concerning the interpretation of current economic crisis in mass media)

Russia didn’t escape either the financial-economic crisis threatening the economies of many countries of the world and the wealth of their citizens. Judging by all the forecasts the crisis is expected to be long. No surprise the population experiencing financial difficulties and facing the growth of prices, layoffs, growth of employment is embarrassed. No doubt the reasoned and concerted informational policy is required under such a situation together with taking adequate economic and social measures by the state to permit no panic among the population.

But such a policy does not include lies and brainwashing on the part of mass media. No doubt optimistic and cheerful films, high level entertaining and educational programs on the radio and on TV may help people to live through difficult time easier and strengthen their spirits – like it was in USA during the “Great depression” when Hollywood produced hundreds of optimistic films permitting the myth of “American dream” not to be broken. But optimism and patience are not created due to disinformation of population about the situation in the country. Such a scheme was used by the Soviet power, and everybody knows the result of this.

Head of the center of social policy of Institute of economics of RAS Ye. Gontmakher, in his article “Novocherkassk-2009” published in the newspaper “Vedomosti” on November 6, proposed a hypothetical model of the events development in the city N-sk to the readers in case the authorities would not start the resolute modernization of all the spheres of Russian life. Indeed lack of clear and resolute economic policy during the difficult period can lead to the most serious consequences, and many famous economists wrote about this, in particular Ye. Gaidar warned about this for a long time. Spontaneous actions of population are also possible as well as riots we remember quite well by 1990s. The author included the name of the city into the title where the rebellion of workers was suppressed by the troops in 1962, and information about these bloody events was strictly kept in secret for a long time.

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DPNI will respond to the office of public prosecutor by four “Russian marches” annually

(Statement of Moscow bureau for human rights concerning bringing accusation against DPNI leader A. Belov)

The office of public prosecutor of the Western district brought an accusation of “rousing hate or hostility as well as humiliation of human dignity” against Alexander Belov (Potkin), leader of Movement against illegal immigration (DPNI), which is fraught with imprisonment of up to two years for him.

This news causes no surprise. Rather on the contrary, it’s a surprise we didn’t hear this much earlier. A. Belov became famous long ago due to his statements and actions being directly subject to the clauses of the Criminal code of Russian Federation and Law on counteraction against extremism.

It should be reminded that “Movement against illegal immigration” (DPNI) was created in 2002 by brothers A. and V. Potkin who were the activists of regrettably known national-patriotic front “Memory” before. On November 4, 2005 A. Potkin became an organizer of first public procession of nationalists in Moscow called “Right march”. The most recent of such “marches” that took place on November 4, 2008, finished with mass collisions with militia at Old Arbat.

A. Belov considers it necessary to stop the labor migration, deport the “illegal immigrants” – he includes all the non-Russians living in “Russian” regions into them. He used several migrant-phobe myths at once – about high level of migrants’ criminality, plundering of RF, possible repetition of French disasters of November 2005 in Russia, forthcoming “invasion” of 50 million Chineses etc. At his press conference of February 20, 2006 he accused all the inhabitants of “the South and the Eastern regions” of “propensity for corruption” and stood for introduction of quoting based upon nationality during reception to colleges.

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On Orthodox Christian squads annually
Statement of Moscow bureau for human rights concerning the proposal of protopriest V. Chaplin

Deputy chairman of the Department of external church ties of the Moscow patriarchate protopriest Vsevolod Chaplin spoke with initiative to create Orthodox Christian people’s squads that would keep up with order. As V. Chaplin stated, “there are many people and groups now literally enslaving the life of a street, district, small town, and village. Orthodox Christian squads can establish law and order in their place of habitation and establish law and order also in whole Russia in this way”.

In some European countries – such as England, Sweden etc – squads of volunteers exist indeed assisting police in keeping up with order on the streets. Experience of voluntary squads in USSR is also known.

But it seems that it is the first time when it’s proposed to form the squads based upon religious belonging in a country pretending to be civilized and to have the religion separated from the state. It is probably supposed that the squads would include Orthodox Christian believers and citizens to whom the Orthodox Christian religion is mostly close. In other words belonging to Orthodox Christian church or consent with its doctrine would be required or even checked during selection for such squads. Thus Protestants, Catholics, Hebrews, Moslems and representatives of other religions would be rejected for participation in such squads. And what about the Orthodox Christians belonging not to Moscow patriarchate but to other directions of Russian Orthodox Christianity called “schismatics” in Moscow patriarchate?

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Statistics of attacks based upon aggressive xenophobia (January – October 2008)

During October 15 attacks were recorded, and 6 deceased and 18 victims were their result. Greatest number of incidents took place in Moscow and Moscow region (6 deceased, 9 victims), they are followed by Voronezh (4 victims), Primorsky region (3 victims), Yekaterinburg, Nalchik (by 1 victim). The following suffered from the largest number of attacks: Tajiks (2 deceased), Uzbeks (1 deceased, 2 victims), Azerbaijanians (1 deceased, 5 victims), Kirghizes (1 deceased, 1 victim), Russians (1 deceased), Kalmyks (2 victims), Koreans, Balkars, Buryats (by 1 victim).

Besides, in October two attempts of mass fights based upon inter-national problems were recorded in Moscow.

On October 18 the militia employees prevented a fight between the natives of Armenia and Azerbaijan at the South-West of Moscow.

On October 19 the Moscow militia prevented a large fight at the North-East of Moscow between the Muscovites and natives of Caucasus where participation of about 100 people was planned.

In October the next attempt to use the “Kondopoga technology” was also recorded. Rape and murder of 15-year-old A. Beshnova committed on October 1 night in the Western district of Moscow became the cause for nationalist hysteria on the part of ultra-rights. Though the case is not yet investigated, the nationalists accused two Dagestans at once and arranged the unapproved meeting (according to their assertions, the meeting started spontaneously). The situation proved to be so strained that the authorities even closed the local market temporarily. It should be noted that the authorities responded to nationalistic activity actively enough. Some of agitators-nationalists were arrested.

Early in October the leaflets were thrown about in the Ardy village, Kilemarsky district of republic of Mariy El, directed in the opinion of the investigators at kindling of hate between Russians and Caucasians.

An article was published on October 16 in the newspaper “RBCDaily” “Moscow took in excess with migrants” asserting that the migrants would displace the Russians from their workplaces in Moscow; a figure of 10 mln. migrants allegedly living in Moscow was presented without any grounds and the readers were intimidated with the fact that the migrants would bring up the questions on creation of various autonomies in future.

On October 24 an interview of DPNI leader A. Belov was published on web-site of the agency “New region” where he asserted groundlessly that “the people who differ from you in outward appearance” (natives of Caucasus and Central Asia were meant) commit the larger number of crimes, and intimidated the readers with 7 million gastarbeiters who live in Moscow and would attack the Muscovites in mass due to unemployment; he also called for deportation of migrants and mass arming of the population.

On October 31 an article “Kindling of national friendship” was published in the newspaper “Moskovsky komsomolets” asserting with quotation of nameless militia sources that visitants form Kirghizia, Uzbekistan and other Central Asian countries are to blame of 70% of the street criminality cases.

In October a serious combat started between various nationalist groups on the eve of “Russian march” – mass procession of nationalists planned for November 4. The DPNI leader A. Belov (Potkin) called upon all the nationalists to agitation among their friends and acquaintances and trying to bring as many as possible of them to the procession (5 persons at least) and announced the intension to attract up to 5000 people to the march totally. Preparation to the march was accompanied by xenophobe appeals, for example: “Whole spheres of the city economy are occupied by ethno-criminal communities acting in indissoluble connection with corrupt officials. Islamization is the most important factor of growing national tension in the capital. Plans of erection of gigantic Islamic center in Moscow with minarets exceeding the height of the Temple of Christ the Savior are a provocation and challenge to all the Muscovites”. The slogan: “Russia is a Russian land!” was approved as the general slogan of the procession, and “Moscow is a Russian city!” – in Moscow. At the same time it was announced that it is prohibited to use the party symbols, “provocative radical slogans and shouts”, “salutations that can be interpreted by the press incorrectly” (the Nazi salutation is meant) during the march.

Eight facts of vandalism based upon xenophobia were totally recorded in October – in Vladivostok, Leningrad region, Voronezh, Kaliningrad, Novosibirsk, Ulyanovsk, Saratov, and Volgograd.

During the period since January till October, 2008 254 attacks at least were recorded based upon xenophobia, and 113 deceased and 340 victims at least were their result.

The largest number of attacks was recorded in Moscow and Moscow region (48 deceased, 162 victims at least), they are followed by St. Petersburg and Leningrad region (19 deceased, 36 victims at least), Sverdlovsk region (6 deceased, 8 victims), Yaroslavl (4 deceased), Ulyanovsk region (3 deceased, 3 victims), Ingushetia (2 deceased, 3 victims), Omsk (2 deceased, 2 victims), Novosibirsk (2 deceased), Dagestan (1 deceased, 23 victims at least), Voronezh (2 deceased, 16 victims at least), Nizhni Novgorod region (2 deceased, 4 victims), Petrovsk-Zabaikalsky, Udmurtia (by 1 deceased, 3 victims), Stavropol, Tula, Chelyabinsk region (be 1 deceased, 2 victims), Togliatti, Obninsk and Saratov region (by 1 deceased, 1 victim), Kaluga region (1 deceased), Nalchik (29 victims at least), Bryansk (14 victims), Vladivostok (13 victims), Lipetsk (8 victims at least), Kazan, Kaliningrad (by 6 victims), Ryazan region (5 victims), Republic of North Ossetia, Ufa (by 4 victims), Arkhangelsk region (3 victims), Republic of Chuvashia, Amur, Tver, Volgograd and Vladimir regions (by 2 victims), Kursk, Pervouralsk, Oryol, Yaroslavl, Novgorod region, Rostov-on-Don, Republic of Kalmykia, Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, Vologda, Tambov (by 1 victim).

The following suffered most of all due to radical nationalists: Uzbeks (17 deceased, 22 victims), Kirghizes (10 deceased, 5 victims), Tajiks (9 deceased, 35 victims), Russians (8 deceased, 34 victims), Azerbaijanians (8 deceased, 23 victims), Armenians (4 deceased, 3 victims), Dagestans (2 deceased, 26 victims at least), Chechens (2 deceased, 22 victims), Kalmyks (2 deceased, 6 victims at least), Ingushes (2 deceased, 4 victims), Turks (2 deceased, 1 victim), Gypsies (2 deceased), Chineses (1 deceased, 13 victims), Moldavians, Germans, Tuvinians (by 1 deceased), natives of the countries of Near East and North Africa (12 victims), Indians (4 victims), Koreans, Jews (3 victims), Englishmen, Mongols, Georgians (2 victims), Kazakhs (2 victims at least), Buryats, Lebaneses, Ossetins, Turkmens, Shri Lankians , Frenchmen, Swedish, Japaneses (by 1 victim).

Basing upon the monitoring results, it’s possible to speak about considerable quantitative growth of attacks with lethal outcome as compared with previous years. Up to the present the number of deceased and victims exceeded the level of 2007 almost one and a half times.

Statement of Moscow bureau for human rights concerning the anniversary of events at Dubrovka

Six years passed...

On October 23, 2002 about 40 terrorists burst into the Theatrical center at Dubrovka during the performance of musical “Nord-Ost” and took the spectators and actors hostages – 914 spectators and participants of musical “Nord-Ost”. During the special operation for release of hostages on October 26 morning the terrorists – 32 men and 18 women – were eliminated. 130 people including 51 children became the terrorist act victims. More than 700 people also suffered.

The whole country felt pain and helplessness then. People caught the news about the events with fear and hope reckoning just upon a miracle. For it seemed there was no way out – and women-suicide attackers that tied the explosives around themselves could put them in action any time.

Just now the European court classified the “Nord-Ost” case as a secret at the request of the government of RF. No doubt the details of special operations’ conduction are the most delicate things and they are usually not disclosed for understandable reasons. But millions of people saw on TV that the stretchers were lacking, that the doctors fussed in disorder, that unconscious people were dragged along the asphalt … If it was known about the prepared operation, why wasn’t enough number of cars, stretchers prepared, why the doctors had no information if not about the gas composition but about antidote at least? Actually nothing is still explained to the relations of the deceased and to the whole country which lived through the tragedy with pain, leaving people perplexed and depressed. And then numerous trials followed on payment of material compensation to the families of the deceased and victims; bureaucratic procrastination began with demands to return money that disappeared during the operation. Material compensation was paid to nobody. If just the state would show more wisdom, pay a small part of its income for the aid to the victims of Dubrovka, and treat the desire of millions of people to learn just anything about the people’s tragedy with respect and tact …

But alas this didn’t happen – and the lesson of Dubrovka wasn’t to advantage: we are still often fed by propaganda instead of information.

Moscow bureau for human rights addresses the General public prosecutor of RF Yuri Chaika: to inform the society about the results of investigation of terrorist act at Dubrovka and to take urgent measures for payment of necessary compensations to the victims and relatives of the deceased.

On acknowledgement of Golodomor to be a “crime against Ukrainian people and mankind” by European parliament
Statement of Moscow bureau for human rights

Reports with the formulas that vary a little appeared in Russian mass media. Some mass media report that the European parliament acknowledged Golodomor in Ukraine to be “genocide” and some – that it was a “crime against mankind”. Meanwhile this very difference in wording is the subject for vehement debates of historians for a long time, and some public figures of Ukraine called upon international organizations to acknowledge the fact of “genocide” in Ukraine.

Russia and Ukraine differ in their opinions concerning the hunger of 1932-1933 in the USSR. In the opinion of Ukrainian part, this was the genocide of the very Ukrainian nation on the part of Stalin’s regime as a result of which, as the Ukrainian historians state, from 7 to 10 million people died according to various estimates.

And in the opinion of Russian scientists the hunger of 1932-1933 involved the principal grain regions of the USSR: Ukraine, North Caucasus, Volga region, considerable part of Central-Chernozem region, Kazakhstan, Western Siberia, South Urals. According to various data 7-8 million people totally perished because of hunger including 3 - 3,5 million in Ukraine, 2 million in Kazakhstan and Kirghizia and 2 - 2,5 million in Russian Federation. Most various nations covered by the disaster suffered from hunger.

We think that provided that the tragedy of people of Ukraine is completely understood the second estimate is no doubt reliable as it has documentary confirmation and is supported by numerous evidences. Golodomor was a merciless road roller that passed over the whole huge territory of the Soviet Union and over all the nations that inhabited it.

Unfortunately the problem of Golodomor proved to be extremely politicized, and its discussion in Ukraine is often not just directed at recognition of next crime of Stalin’s regime by the mankind but lies within anti-Russian moods of today’s Ukrainian authorities and nationalist organizations. Corresponding historical studies also got the anti-Semitic color when the publication of lists of the leaders of Ukraine of that time started with mostly Jewish names of those who were allegedly or really concerned with Golodomor while considerable part of leaders-non-Jews was concealed. Instead of determining the true culprit – namely bloody Stalin’s clique that was quite international and included Russians, Jews, Ukrainians, Georgians, Latvians and representatives of other nations, all the blame for tragedy is put upon “Muscovites” and “Jewmen”.

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“Russian street” of America prefers McCain
Sociological interrogation of Russian-speaking community of USA on the eve of presidential election

“Institute of studies of new Americans” with support of American Jewish Committee conducted a sociological interrogation of Russian-speaking immigrants in New York (335 people or 70% of respondents) during the period since August 30 till October 10, 2008 as well as in California, Georgia, New Jersey, Florida and Massachusetts (totally 143 people or 30% of respondents). 44% of all the respondents were men and 56% - women.

As the director of AJC department on ties with Russia Samuel Kliger (who managed the study) notes, 39% of all the respondents (48% of New York inhabitants) were registered as democrats for the moment of interrogation and 23% (19% of New York inhabitants) – as republicans.

Among the whole number of respondents 79% (80% of New York inhabitants) will participate in election by all means. 56% (65% of New York inhabitants) are going to vote for John McCain and 10% (the same share of New York inhabitants) – for Barack Obama. 28% (19% of New York inhabitants) didn’t define their choice yet. Among those who would most likely participate in election 65% will vote for McCain, 11% - for Obama and 25% didn’t define their choice yet.

By 44% of respondents in the age categories below 35 years old and from 35 to 65 years old are going to vote for McCain. The number of people in the age category older than 65 who are going to vote for McCain reaches 66%. 18% of respondents in the age below 35 years old, 9% - in the age from 35 to 65 and 9% of respondents older than 65 are going to vote for Obama.

The most important problems the hope for the solution of which the respondents associate with their candidate include: war against terrorism (62% of respondents, among those who are going to vote for McCain this is supported by 76% of respondents, among those for Obama – 56% of respondents), protection of Israel (60%, 76%, 47% correspondingly), economy (45%, 44%, 68%), taxes (35%, 37%, 50%), social insurance (29%, 31%, 32%), war in Iraq (22%, 29%, 50%), education (25%, 18%, 47%).

Among the most important personal properties the candidate to the position of the president must have the following are named by respondents: leader capabilities (25% of respondents, among those who are going to vote for McCain this is supported by 31% of respondents, among those for Obama – 29% of respondents), confidence and persistence (21%, 26%, 35% correspondingly), intellect, reasonableness (40%, 45%, 53%), knowledge of problems (38%, 39%, 56%), concern for the people (27%, 18%, 35%), eloquence (6%, 2%, 30%), experience (30%, 40%, 6%), honesty, decency (32%, 34%, 38%), religiousness (5%, 2%, 3%).

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On murders and attacks at young anti-fascists
Review of Moscow bureau for human rights

Recently the memory of anti-fascist Fyodor Filatov killed in Moscow on October 10 was honored in Petrozavodsk and Izhevsk; he was one of the founders of the community of “anti-political skin-heads-anti-racists” in Moscow and Moscow region. Representatives of movement of young anti-fascists consider the murder of F. Filatov to be a planned action of extremists.

Regular attacks at anti-fascists were recorded since 2005 when two students-anti-fascists were subject to the attack in the center of St. Petersburg on November 13. One of them – T. Kacharava – was killed and his comrade M. Zgibay was taken to reanimation with hard wounds (as it was found out later, skin-heads already attacked T. Kacharava in October). In April of the same year an attack was committed at two activists of Youth rights defending group, presumably due to their anti-fascist activity. On May 26, 2005 an attack at the audience of the concert of punk-group “Mausoleum” was committed in Kirov. On December 18 a group of anti-fascist march participants was subject to the skin-head attack.

In 2006 the number of attacks increased: about 40 collisions of skin-heads and activists of anti-fascist organizations (mostly from among the followers of Vanguard of red youth anf punk-groups) were recorded in Moscow, Ryazan, Tyumen, Togliatti, Engels, Kirov, Oryol, Tomsk, St. Petersburg, and Vladivostok. Skin-heads and anti-fascists acted by turns as attacking and defending parts; up to 100 people took part in some collisions. Among the most notable events of this line the fight at the anti-fascist concert on February 18, 2006 in the House of culture named after Gorbunov in Moscow (about 30 nationalists penetrated there) can be noted as well as the murder of student-anti-fascist Alexander Ryukhin on April 16, 2006 in Moscow (his friend Yegor Tomsky was hardly wounded), and an attempt to undermine one of Moscow anti-fascists undertaken in December 2006.

In 2007 the number of attacks at anti-fascists decreased a little (but it’s quite possible that such attacks just had less of publicity). Attack at the camp of ecologists in Angarsk on July 21, 2007 as a result of which the resident of Nakhodka I. Borodayenko perished and attempt of explosion in St. Petersburg “Rocks-club” during the concert on October 13, 2007 were the most notable among them.

Basing upon the results of the period since January till October 2008 one can speak about considerable increase of the number of these collisions between fascists and anti-fascists – during incomplete 10 months about 40 attacks were already recorded (the same like during the whole 2006) and the number of victims achieved dozens. Except Moscow and St. Petersburg, the attacks took place in Lipetsk, Bryansk (which became a kind of a center of such attacks in the region – 8 attacks), Oryol, Arkhangelsk, Yekaterinburg, Kazan, Izhevsk, Togliatti, Penza, Omsk, Blagoveshchensk, Irkutsk and Novokuznetsk. The loudest cases include the murder of one of visitors of the anti-fascist concert in Moscow Alexey Krylov on March 21 (the attack was planned in advance), murder of F. Filatov in Moscow on October 10, attack at the informal group in Laysky Dok settlement (Arkhangelsk region) on September 13 when coordinator of Arkhangelsk branch of the Center of protection of animals’ rights “Vita” A. Skrobansky suffered as well as the drummer of one of the hard-rock-groups. March of anti-fascists around the center of Moscow that took place on March 18 and assembled 300 people was the response to the murder of A. Krylov. Despite the march wasn’t approved, law-enforcement bodies treated its participants loyally; detention of 13 anti-fascists near Pushkin square was the exception. On the same day two squabbles of skin-heads and anti-fascists took place. Similar demonstration took place in St. Petersburg where militia acted much tougher and detained 30 demonstrators.

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Representatives of Moscow bureau for human rights at the OSCE conference in Warsaw

Director of Moscow bureau for human rights, member of the RF Public chamber A. Brod and executive director of MBHR N. Rykova take part in the annual OSCE conference on human dimension in Warsaw. The rights defenders spoke at the plenary meeting devoted to the problems of tolerance and non-discrimination and participated in presentation of the project of creation of the Jewish museum of tolerance in Moscow and in the meeting of round table on the problems of anti-Semitism.

MBHR representatives announced the statistics of crimes based upon hate in RF and made a review of law-enforcement practice.

Recommendations of the RF Public chamber “On tolerance and counteaction against extremism in Russia” were made public. This documant notes in particular that the growth of neo-fascist, racist and xenophobe manifestations is observed in some countries of the world together with violence on the part of natives from migrant minorities and religious extremists. Nevertheless the laws in force in Germany, Great Britain, France and other countries against extremism, racism and anti-Semitism establish distinctly the differences between the views the freedom of expression of which including that in mass media is protected, and provoking of race hate, crimes against humanity to be punished. Crimes of racial and xenophobe character are strictly associated with punishment of separate persons but at the same time the law and the society counteract against formation of extremist ideology, creation of associations, organizations and political forces having the violent actions as one of the ways of self-expression and that’s why being dangerous for the society. Racism is available in USA, and anti-Semitism and ethnic discrimination remain there but nevertheless an efficient experience of the state-public monitoring of extremist manifestations is accumulated and a developed system of monitoring of extremist manifestations and correct discussion of problems in mass media exist as well as mechanisms of consolidation of all-American identity and civil solidarity among poli-racial and poli-cultural population. The experience of tolerant existence of poli-cultural and poli-religious societies is available in the Asian countries. In India where splashes of large-scale violence based upon inter-religious dissension take place, the conflicts are solved through communal peace-making procedures together with efficient police activity.

In Russia, first of all in large urban centers, manifestations of extremism, growth of racist and other violence motivated by intergroup hate, increase of aggressiveness in everyday xenophobia manifestations take place. Radical nationalism is a serious threat as it divides people basing upon ethnicity and prevents from consolidation of all-Russian identity. The extremists practice violence towards the ethnic minorities, migrants and foreign citizens under the effect of such slogans and other factors. This caused numerous cases of massacres, beating of hundreds and killing of dozens of people. Appearing of neo-fascist ideology and activity of profascist groups, dissemination of fascist symbols and literature, propaganda of extremism and hate including that through Internet are inadmissible for the country that made the major contribution into the defeat of fascism during the World war II. Language of hostility and groups of hate are available mostly among the young people though the grown-ups including politicians and intellectuals are the ideologists and organizers.

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Members of the RF Public chamber at PACE session in Strasbourg

The next PACE session finished in Strasbourg being devoted to the subject “Consequences of war between Georgia and Russia”. Director of Moscow bureau for human rights, member of the RF Public chamber Alexander Brod and executive director of MBHR Natalya Rykova, members of the RF Public chamber A. Sokolov, S. Ryakhovsky, P. Astakhov, M. Slobodskaya, V. Zakharov observed the session working.

The delegation of the Public chamber arranged a presentation of the Public chamber activity, conducted working meetings with employees of various departments of the European Council, European Court of human rights, NGOs of France and Germany.

On October 1 A. Brod, P. Astakhov, S. Ryakhovsky and N. Rykova told about their vision of the August events in South Ossetia at the press conference in the European Council.

“There is a norm on self-defense and self-protection in the internaitonal law. This means the right to respond sufficiently to the attack, and these are the nuts and bolts of jurisprudence”, P. Astakhov noted. He stressed that “South Ossetia and Russia self-defended, they had a right to respond sufficiently when mass murders were committed”.

Director of MBHR A. Brod stated in his turn that complaints of the South Ossetia residents who suffered during the military conflict will be lodged before long to the European court of human rights.

“Many appeals and complaints from the South Ossetia residents who suffered during the military conflict were received by the Public chamber. We passed some of them to the Office of general public prosecutor of Russia as well as to international non-governmental organizations. We also directed them to UN for convocation of the International tribunal”, A. Brod informed.

“A thorough investigation of the tragedy that caused hundreds of victims and wounded among the peaceful population as well as mass destructions, is necessary. A penalty must be imposed upon those to blame”, A. Brod added. He informed that a visit to Georgis is under preparation by the Moscow bureau for human rights for the contact with local NGOs in continuation of investigation of reasons and consequences of humanitarian catastrophe and for meetings with the suffered Georgian citizens and refugees.

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About the meeting of the Public chamber Commission on investigation of military crimes in South Ossetia

MBHR experts participated in the meeting of the Public chamber Commission on investigation of military crimes in South Ossetia and on the aid to civil population “Ossetia: problems of refugees”.

The problem of necessity of arranging the dialogue with the Georgian part was in the center of the discussion of the refugees suject. Most meeting participants agreed that such a dialogue can be arranged basing upon the Public chamber attracting all the interested parts – representatives of Russia, Georgia, South Ossetia and Abkhasia.

Journalist M. Shevchenko told about a conference “Azerbaijan, Russia, Georgia” that took place recently in Baku and where the meetings with the representatives of Georgia were conducted. The journalist brought the confidence from the contacts with them that the solution of today’s problems between Russia and Georgia is impossible by pure political means. In the opinion of the reporter, the public organizations of both countries should bear the responsibility for humanitarian consequences of war. M. Shevchenko also reminded that according to the law on compatriots the Georgians are considered to be our compatriots and stressed that the Public chamber is the institute able to be involved into solution of humanitarian problems. The journalist proposed creating a working group for establishing contacts with the Georgian part for solution of the refugees problem. Data about the refugees are most contradictory on the Georgian part according to M. Shevchenko’s information (the figures vary between 30 and 100 thousand people).

The idea of M. Shevchenko concerning creation of a special commission for establishing contacts with the Georgian part was supported by the president of the Congress of national associations of Russia V. Khomeriki. In his opinion the people’s diplomacy doesn’t work yet.

The Public chamber members O. Kostina and V. Tishkov supported the idea of arranging the dialogue with the Georgian part.

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Interview of Ms Natalia Rykova, Executive Director of the Moscow Bureau for Human Rights, for the CICAD’s Newsletter (05/08/08)

1) Mrs Rykova, you have come to Geneva for the 73rd session of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, which is currently taking place at the United Nations Office. What did you get from your participation in this session? Was it positive?

Globally, the session was positive; we were given the possibility to report on situation with human rights in the Russian Federation, maintenance of justice, and freedom of speech. This was also a good opportunity to meet with representatives of the authorities, as well as with the heads of the different units, and to share our different backgrounds. But there are still some points that can be improved, from our point of view, mainly the fact that the NGOs, like our Bureau, were not always allowed to take part in the official debates.

As far as our organization is concerned, Mr Alexander Brod, Director of our Bureau, and myself conducted a press conference about “Xenophobia, racial discrimination, anti-Semitism, and religious persecutions in the regions of Russia”, at the Club de la Presse. During this conference, we had the opportunity to present a documentary called “The shadow of the swastika”, which depicts the development and the current situation of the far-right and neo-Nazi scenes in Russia.

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Brown 1st of May

Dmitry Rogozin on the DPNI demonstration. Russian representative to NATO.

Moscow bureau for human rights, Moscow anti-fascist center, and fund “Holocaust” are preparing an application to the Office of general public prosecutor of RF with the demand to provide a legal estimate for radical nationalist action on 1st of May. The rights defenders think that during recent four years the radicals regularly give publicity to racist, xenophobe appeals in the streets of Moscow and other cities, and law-enforcement bodies silently look at this pro-fascist Sabbath. Thus, the office of public prosecutor of Moscow sends for 3 years its formal replies to the rights defenders that it doesn’t see any law infringements in these actions. Dull silence of the society, most of rights defenders’ organizations and intellectuals causes anxiety. It looks like everybody got accustomed to the growth of aggressive xenophobia in the country.

The most large-scale of all the 1st-of-May actions of radical nationalists was, as was expected, the demonstration arranged by Movement against illegal migration (DPNI) and “Slavic union” (SS) in Moscow. A provocative statement was placed on DPNI web-site in advance that the visitants from Asian and Caucasian countries “have filled up the Russian cities” and prevent “Russian labor person … from living in individual apartment, having a normal rest, having a chance to watch over his health and giving education to his children”. Leaflets with appeals to participate in this action were stuck around the whole Moscow.

The DPNI leader A. Potkin (Belov) alleged that Moscow authorities permitted this demonstration in exchange for the promise of nationalists to conduct no public actions before D. Medvedev’s inauguration as the president of RF to take place on May 7.

The DPNI representatives assert that a thousand of people participated in the action but this figure seems too high. According to the observers’ estimates there were about 200-400 demonstrators. They included members of DPNI, Union of Orthodox gonfalon-carriers, National-Bolshevik front, “Army of people’s will”.

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Murders based upon xenophobia in Russian Federation [January-February 2008]

During January and 19 days of February, 2008, 26 attacks at least took place in the country based upon national hate, and 28 people perished due to them.

Anyway most of crimes are committed as usually in Moscow and Moscow region (18 deceased). St. Petersburg (4 deceased), Obninsk, Yekaterinburg, Togliatti, Novosibirsk, Tula (by 1 deceased) follow them.

Among the victims of attacks the following can be found: Uzbeks and Kirghizes (by 6 deceased), Tajiks (5 deceased), Turks, Azerbaijanians (2 deceased), Russians, Daghestans, Armenians. Ethnic origin of two deceased is not ascertained for the moment.

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Anti-Semitism in today’s Russia (2006 – 2007) [prepared by Moscow bureau for human rights]

Anti-Semitism was and still is a stable xenophobia manifestation in Russian society. According to VTsIOM (Center of public opinion studies) interrogation executed on January 28-29, 2007, 17% of respondents are not ready to see Jews as their work colleagues and 28% don’t want a Jew to become a member of their family . At the same time appearing of new objects of morbid xenophobe passionarity (“Chechens”, “persons of Caucasian nationality”, “Asians”, “Baltic natives”, “Americans”) does not decrease the level of anti-Semitism but transfers it, so to speak, into “regime of expectation” at the best.

In general 64% of Russians interrogated by VTsIOM treat the Jews negatively and 22% else – “indifferently”

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Xenophobia, migrant-phobia and radical nationalism at the elections to the Moscow City Duma [Review of the Moscow Bureau for Human Rights]

Due to the cancellation of governors' appointment by election the importance of regional parliaments that now must confirm the candidate for the governor's office proposed by the RF president has significantly increase. At the same time a number of politicians regard the Moscow Duma elections as a "training ground" and a "general rehearsal" before the next State Duma Elections. This fact attracted the attention of different political forces to the scheduled for December 4 elections (contrary to the elections of 1997 and 2001when the key problem was the lack of population's and political parties' interest).

Since today, according to polls, the slogans like "Russia for Russians" to greater or lesser extent are supported by two thirds of the Russian population, a number of political parties practice adhering to xenophobic slogans in their election campaigns to the Moscow City Duma. The youth riots in the immigrant enclaves in the suburbs of French cities widely covered by the Russian mass media brought the issue of "migrants' danger" into public focus, which was also used by the political parties for attracting the attention of voters.

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Briefing in Knesset

Director of the Moscow Bureau for Human Rights (MBHR) Alexander Brod appeared in the Israeli Parliament (Knesset) with the speech "Xenophobia and anti-Semitism in present-day Russia ". The briefing was opened by Natan Scharanskiy, Minister of Jerusalem and diaspora affairs, Alex Hartman, president of the International Jewish Association of lawyers and jurists, Hadassa Ben-Itto, honorary president of the Association, well-known in Russia as the author of the book about the Protocols of the Elders of Zion "The lie that wouldn`t die ".

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MBHR chronicle


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